Frisca Setyorini: Tax Amnesty Program in Indonesia

This post is written by Frisca Setyorini following GoLive Discussion Series, 23 September 2016 in Adelaide. The Tax Amnesty Program socialisation will also be held in Sydney on Friday, 21 October 2016 at the Consulate  General of the Republic of Indonesia, Sydney and Saturday, 22 October 2016 at the Consulate General of the Republic of Indonesia, Melbourne. More information can be found here and here.

Indonesian parliament approved Tax Amnesty Law in July 1st, 2016. The Tax Amnesty is considered as a substantial strategic policy for Indonesian Government. With slumping commodity prices such as metal and mining, Indonesia is facing challenges as a commodity exporter. Therefore, Indonesia needs to find other economic resources and create employment. State Budget is the fiscal instrument function to alleviate poverty, to decrease social gap, and to create a job opportunity. However, these aspects cannot be achieved if the economy is in a stagnant condition. In that sense, the government must create a strategy to boost the economy.


Frisca Setyorini (left) and Reyza Ramadhan (right)

By definition, Tax Amnesty Program is the elimination of tax otherwise due with no administrative and criminal sanctions concerning taxation, by declaring assets and paying redemption money (, 2016). It is the taxpayers right to do so. The Tax Amnesty is seen as a strategy that is not only important to boost tax revenue and to enhance taxation database but also expected to attract Indonesian citizens participation to finance infrastructure development by collecting funds from assets repatriation. Furthermore, it also focused on building public trust. If Indonesian citizens put their confidence in Indonesia, investment is expected to grow. Consequently, Indonesia will be able to fund the development independently.


The President of the Republic of Indonesia is very enthusiastic about the Tax Amnesty program and have also dedicated himself into Tax Amnesty socialization. He personally conducted a tax amnesty socialization program for more than 12.000 participants in several cities in Indonesia such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Medan, and Bandung. The President aims to build up better Indonesian economy as well as maintain good governance system that is transparent and accountable. Positive perception towards investment can only be achieved when society is confident in its government. Then, hopefully, this positive contribution is followed with an increase in tax compliance.

The million dollar question people often asked is “Why does The Government endorse tax Amnesty Program now?”

There are many answers to that question, but the Indonesian Government underlines three main reasons. Firstly, Indonesia needs large funds for infrastructure development. The President of the Republic of Indonesia has several ambitions, and one of them is to build 35.000 MW of powerhouse. Currently, investment in new hotels is obstructed because of unstable electricity in all provinces. His goal is to provide all Indonesian areas equal access to electricity. By having access to electricity, economic activity can be created in all aspects. Hence, the economy in Indonesia will improve.

Secondly, Indonesia has signed the agreement on Automatic Exchange of Information System (AEOI). As of 26 July 2016, Indonesia has committed to 101 jurisdictions. By doing so, through exchanging information as well as adopting “The Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS)”, Indonesia is said to achieve even further extensive actions towards tax transparency development compared to other OECD countries.

Thirdly, low tax compliance leads to sub-optimal public participation in state development. In 2015, Indonesia only has 30.044.103 taxpayers registered. It is a subtle number considering the number of working citizen is up to 93,72 million people. From this figure, only 18.159.840 taxpayers are obliged to submit an annual tax return. However, the annual tax return for year 2015 sums up to only around 60,24% (, 2016). From the data above, it is can be concluded that tax compliance in Indonesia is still very low.


Currently, Indonesia is using self-assessment taxation system where the DGT has the authority to test tax payer’s compliance by conducting a tax audit. The enactment of Tax Amnesty Law gives out a positive signal for taxpayers who have not fulfilled their tax obligation properly. This should be seen as an opportunity to get one of the benefits of not being audited for previous period tax obligation should they choose to take part. Tax Amnesty Program works as a bridge to connect taxpayer’s past economic transactions with its current economic condition due to mismatch and disregarding proper tax obligation.

Two options are made available for taxpayers who have submitted an annual tax return on time but have not disclosed all assets and liabilities completely:  (a) to join Tax Amnesty Program or (b) amend the annual tax return. To increase tax compliance and improve taxation data basis, taxpayers should then fulfill their tax obligation better and submit annual tax return correctly, completely, and clearly.

Indonesian citizens can still join the program until the end of March 2017. Channel News Asia Economists reported that the momentum of people declaring assets in the first phase exceeded expectations, but this momentum is expected to continue at a slower pace after the first period. During the first stage of the program, starting from 1 July to 30 September 2016, undeclared assets are redeemed at the lowest rates of two per cent for declaration assets in Indonesia and/or repatriation assets and four per cent for declaration assets offshore (Channel News Asia, 2016).

In the next period of the program, the socialisation targets for Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs). SMEs with the business turnover of up to IDR 4,8 Billion get two special rates which are 0,5 percent(for the declaration of asset worth up to IDR 10 Billion) or 2 per cent (for the disclosure of asset worth more than IDR 10 Billion). This rate shall have effect until 31 March 2017.


Every day, DGT receives a lot of request of socializations from society. To support the program, the media, as well as government institution organizes their own socialization by inviting speakers from DGT. After socialization, most of them said that they want to participate in the tax amnesty program to get one of the benefits which are a stoppage of tax audit, preliminary evidence, or tax investigation process. For example, after the socialization at The Indonesian National Police (Polri) was held, The Chief of Polri gave instruction to all Police forces to join tax amnesty program. Surprisingly, many police officers do not know how to fill out their annual tax return. For decades, most of them have someone else to submit their annual tax returns. Sometimes, they do not disclose all assets they have in their tax return. Hence, this is the great opportunity for police officers to join tax amnesty program said the Chief of Polri.

Despite low asset repatriations  with only 4% of total assets being declared, Indonesia’s tax amnesty programme in 2016/2017 is deemed more successful compared to similar programs which done in Italy (2009), Chile (2015), Spain (2012), South Africa (2003), Australia (2014) and Ireland (1993) (, 2016). All levels of tax officer in Directorate General of Taxation, as well as all related parties such as Attorney General, Police, PPATK, and banking institutions, fully supports the Tax Amnesty Programme. In fact, on 30 September 2016, some banks opened their service until 21.00 Western Indonesian Time for customers, particularly those who deposited redemption money. Minister of Finance sends gratitude to Director General of Taxation, and all tax officials for their service to taxpayers who apply for tax amnesty. During this period, to fully support this program, all tax offices in Indonesia have committed to provide their services every day (Monday-Sunday).

The tax amnesty program participation increases especially after prominent figures are reported to have joined the program. It is recorded until the end of September 2016, over 400,000 taxpayers participate in tax amnesty program. It is around 2,2% from the number tax returns that had been lodged in 2015. Tax amnesty program also increases the number of 2015 tax returns because one of the requirements to join tax amnesty is have to submit 2015 tax returns.

During the Tax Amnesty Program presentation in Adelaide on 23 September 2016, many Indonesians residing in Adelaide were interested and took part in the discussion. Some of them said that they want to help Indonesia by investing in the country as the nation is calling. They said that this is a smart choice as they only need to pay 2% for redemption money instead of amending all the annual tax returns for undisclosed assets. Several prominent taxpayers in Indonesia said that joining tax amnesty program is a smart choice.

In the first period, total assets declared are IDR 3.626 trillion. As at 30 September 2016, total redemption money collected is around IDR 97,2 trillion or 58,97% from its target IDR 165 trillion. The response from the society was very positive even though in every socialization most of the questions are always about whether they have to join tax amnesty program or not? Lack of understanding lead to confusion but eventually all that hesitation had been justified by DGT (Directorate General of Taxation) through new regulation explaining for whom this tax amnesty program is subjected.

On October 17th, 2016, Director General of Taxes visited one of the biggest trading market, Tanah Abang to discuss and explain about tax amnesty program to merchants. These merchants are the taxpayer who is paying taxes using particular rate determined by their total income per month and this will be the final tax. It has been regulated in Government Regulation Number 46 year 2013; the rate is only 1% exposed to gross income per month.

People are hoping that after tax amnesty program is finalised, better tax administration services, as well as the tax law enforcement, would prevail. It has been anticipated by the DGT by signing several agreements with some law institutions. In the future, DGT will enforce the tax law for all taxpayers. All information regarding Tax Amnesty is also available in website and hotline service in 1500745.

Frisca Setyorini is currently working as a staff at the Directorate of Dissemination, Service and Public Relations, Directorate General of Taxation. 

GoLive Indonesia deeply thank Frisca Setyorini for her time and contribution towards our Discussion Series and also the Australian-Indonesian Association of South Australia for the support given. 

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GoLive Discussion Series – October 2016: “Environmental Sustainability: Past, Present and Future”

GoLive Indonesia proudly presents our monthly Discussion Series. This October, we will focus on environmental sustainability with speakers from University of Adelaide and University of South Australia.

Come along and see if you can tell the difference between palm oil and oil palm and the latest production application used by palm industries.

RSVP via this link .


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Indra Kiling on CAUSINDY 2016

GoLive Indonesia enthusiast, Indra Kiling, was selected as one of CAUSINDY 2016 Indonesian Delegates. Here he shares his experience during the conference in Bali.


2016 is the second year of my Ph.D program, where I put most of my mind and time in gathering requisite data in West Timor to complete my postgraduate studies. Early this year, GoLive Indonesia coordinator, Gracia Girsang, advised me to consider applying for Conference of Australian and Indonesian Youth (CAUSINDY) 2016. I spontaneously thought that applying was a terrible idea for a father with one child that hardly can be classified as a young person. But after I checked on the Conference’s background, past delegates, and activities, I decided that this one is worth a shot.

Realising that the odd is not favourable for a regular Ph.D student like me to compete against around 500 highly decorated academics and professionals (numbers shared by one of CAUSINDY’s committee member), I contemplated in finding my plus value for attending CAUSINDY. In the application form’s statement, I decided to focus only in articular sector of interests which is education and arts; these are the sectors in which most of my experiences were based. To further improve my chance, I highlighted my experiences related to Australia-Indonesia relationship, publications, social and organisations involvement and also in founding BUNGA research community.


Indra Kiling (Left) at CAUSINDY 2016 Introductory Panel.

Good news came in early July where I got contacted for a Skype interview appointment. After the interview, I was a bit pessimistic thanks to the unforeseen questions that made me doubt myself. I was asked “What will I do to improve the bilateral relationship between Australia and Indonesia if I were given a chance to be an Indonesian ambassador to Australia?”. As a person who does not come from international relations background, I was stunned for a few seconds. The only answer that I could come up with was trying to have an informal meeting with the chief editor of a major newspaper in Australia to show that Indonesian people are not cold-blooded killers or worst, terrorists.

That top-down approach answer managed to secure my spot as one of 15 Indonesian delegates in CAUSINDY 2016. My preparations and effort, combined with insights given from Gracia Girsang as one of the 2013 CAUSINDY alumni and all other aspects paid off. When I got that notification e-mail, I felt so estatic that I posted it on Facebook even before CAUSINDY formally announced it! As a normal social person, I took a good look at other candidates’ profile and considered myself very lucky to be a part of this diverse and potential emerging leaders conference with seasoned speakers (see Indonesian delegates here and Australian delegates here).Before the conference took place, all 30 delegates were divided into four smaller groups with four mentors to help us formulate concrete output based on our experiences in the conference. My teammates and I are gathered under team Hamilton, the team had dynamic discussions through Whatsapp and Trello, mentored by Paul Mead – who was a delegate at CAUSINDY 2014 and also a sports consultant. The pre-conference activities really prepared us for the conference and was essential in conceiving initial output idea based on our passion and expertise.

CAUSINDY 2016 main venue is held at the Conrad hotel in Bali, one of the most luxurious accommodations I have ever stayed in. The first day started with an introductory panel, where delegates discussed their experiences and background while linking it back it to the Indonesian politics and Australia-Indonesia relationship. After the tea break, the day continued with business discussion panel by Lydia Santoso, Justin Fox and Helen Brown (further information on speakers can be seen here). We discussed opportunities and barriers related to business collaboration between two countries, Free Trade Agreement, and also some of best practices available. This panel highlighted Telkomtelstra as one of a good example of business partnership between Indonesia and Australia. The conference then continued with CAUSINDY review session, where the four teams discuss their output in person, brainstorm ideas and transform it to an achievable output. The day then closed with an informal dinner where it was my first opportunity to really get to know other delegates.

I started the second day with an early breakfast before the “At home and abroad: the years in politics” session panelled by Dewi Anwar and Greg Fealy and moderated by Helen Brown. Mrs. Dewi highlighted the differences between Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono who were active in foreign policy activities and Joko Widodo who are more focused on immediate domestic economic growth. She also mentioned death penalty as one area in disagreement between Australia and Indonesia. Greg Fealy shared that even though some senators in Australia are anti-Islam; there are lots of parties and politicians who still considers Indonesia as an important country to ally with. The presence of Tim Watts as one of Australian delegate in CAUSINDY 2016 is one proof, Tim is the Federal Labor Member of Parliament for Gellibrand. The second day then proceeded with the second CAUSINDY review session where team Hamilton further polished our ideas into specific outputs.

After review session, all delegates traveled to Ubud by bus for a lovely cooking lesson at Casa Luna, I had the chance to chop vegetables and grind spices, activities that I rarely do. Because of the heavy traffic, we did not have the time to freely roam Ubud as initially scheduled, instead, we went straight to Villa Pandan Harum, a very nice place where we have our last session of the day, Bridging Cultures session with Wayan Juniartha, Okky Madasari, Elena Williams, and Marlowe Bandem. This session shed to us lots of information concerning both countries’ literature, arts, language, and other aspects of culture.


Indra Kiling (Left) at CAUSINDY 2016 Introductory Panel.

Breakfast with Alex Rusli opened CAUSINDY day three activities, where he shared his points of view concerning the development of telecommunication in Indonesia and future collaboration opportunities between Australian and Indonesian telecommunication companies. After breakfast, we carried on with “The search for growth: technology and innovation in the bilateral relationship” held in Rumah Sanur, an Indonesian-Australian tech coworking space. The panel of Yansen Kamto, Faye Alund, and Jamie Camidge discussed the importance of start-up initiatives to answer many problems in Indonesia and Australia and how both governments could support the growth of digital ecosystem in both countries. Fortunate for me, Gracia Girsang was able to join the Lunch at Rumah Sanur representing GoLive Indonesia – that is also one of the partners for CAUSINDY 2016.

After the networking lunch, we returned to Conrad to have a session on forests, climate change and sustainability in Indonesia. Dr. Justin Lee, Dewi Bramono and David Gaveau enlighten us about initiatives to improve sustainability in environmental management. After that, we had the last CAUSINDY review session to prepare a pitch to deliver on the last day of the conference. The highlight of the night was the CAUSINDY Gala Dinner, another lovely opportunity to listen to some keynote speeches, chats with other conference participants, and of course to take selfies while we were all dressed up nice in suits and ties, tenun ikats and batiks! During dinner, I raised a concern to one of CAUSINDY co-founder about how CAUSINDY 2016 was done mostly in English even though almost all of Australian delegates were able to speak fluent Bahasa. We agreed that bilingual concept is important and she persuaded me to present our team’s pitch in Bahasa Indonesia the following day.


Adelaideans at CAUSINDY 2016: Fletcher Miles, David Wilis, Gracia Girsang and Indra Kiling (from left to right).


Team Hamilton at the Gala Dinner: Indra Kiling, Marlon Huwae, Paul Mead, Novia Dewi, Iona Main, Joos Gaghenggang and Robbie Gaspar (from left to right).

Team Hamilton had breakfast together in the last breakfast at Conrad to finalise our pitch presentation. Out team agreed to present in Bahasa Indonesia. After the breakfast we had the opportunity to listen to Northern Territory (NT) Government engagement session – which was one of the major sponsors in CAUSINDY 2016. This session had successfully persuaded me to put Darwin as one of the places to go for my child’s education.

The last CAUSINDY review session was the time where all delegates present their pitches. The other team presented excellent ideas to improve bilateral relationship through websites, digital platforms, utilising the diversity of cultures, food, and even actresses! My team, Hamilton, presented our idea of having Indonesian and Australian public servants from key ministries/areas to do an internship in their counterparts of similar ministries/areas. We thought that this kind of approach is necessary since the relationship between government leaders are essential in creating  a more conducive environment for sectors collaboration. We agreed that this initiative is doable and we were looking forward to continue this initiative even after the conference.

After the review session, we were given time to check out from the hotel before having a dance class with Bali traditional dancers. It was a good exercise and experience for me personally, the last time I tried traditional dance class was back in my elementary school time.


CAUSINDY delegates with Balinese dance mentor.

CAUSINDY 2016 is the first youth summit that I have ever attended, and it gave me a unique and extremely valuable experience to help me in the future both professionally and personally. I can definitely use these experiences and networks to empower other youth in BUNGA research community, GoLive Indonesia and other organisations and communities I take part in. Personally, I recommend young Indonesians and Australians who are passionate about the bilateral relationship between two countries to join CAUSINDY 2017, and experience one of the most exciting time of your life!

Photos courtesy of CAUSINDY 2016 and Gracia Girsang.

GoLive Indonesia is delighted to partner with CAUSINDY for this year’s conference and to be able to attend some of the Friday sessions. GoLive Indonesia would like also to use this opportunity to extend our gratitude for the support given by Institute for International Trade and the Faculty of the Professions, University of Adelaide.

GoLive Indonesia also would like to thank Indra Kiling for sharing his experience and look forward to more great endeavors. We also look forward to accepting other inspiring stories. Send your experience via email to

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GoLive Sharing: Reyza Ramadhan on attending and presenting at an International Conference.

GoLive enthusiast, Reyza Ramadhan, shares his experience on attending International Conferences in Indonesia and highlights the benefits of doing so for researchers.

Approaching the end of my master degree in The Centre for Global Food and Resources, I am actively seeking opportunities to share my current research project along the way to develop a professional network and gain more inputs. Luckily, my research received confirmation to be presented on the 13th Indonesian Regional Science Association (IRSA) International Conference and the 2nd International Conference On Food, Agriculture, and Natural Resources (FANREs).


Left to Right: Prof. Aris Ananta (University of Indonesia), Prof. Chris Manning (Australian National University), and Associate Prof. Budy P. Resosudarmo.

IRSA 2016, is a conference the brings together leading economist, demographer, and social scientist concerned with the widespread growth of demographic change and regional development in Indonesia. It is an honor for me to take part in this conference as a presenter and moderator. The conference also provides multi-dimensional perspectives that gave me an advantage in developing my current research project. Among the many distinctive discussion, I was particularly reminded of the presentation by Professor Chris Manning from Australian National University. He highlighted about spatial differences and labour supply that leads to output disparity.This presentation is highly related to the agrifood market in Indonesia which are still facing challenges with regards to  food access.


Reyza (right) moderating one of the sessions at IRSA 2016

I have 5 days off in between IRSA 2016 and FANREs 2016, and my colleague, Dr Dias Satria from Brawijaya University invited me to do a lecture in Brawijaya University. It was the first time for me to deliver lecture materials in English. I delivered a lecture about Agricultural Economics and its implementation from the Indonesian perspective. It was a pleasure to have a go on lecturing as I have always been keen to become a lecturer.

The day for the second conference has come. For FANREs 2016 I presented both for oral and poster presentation. The FANREs 2016 international conference discoursed about exploring the local potential for strengthening food and energy through sustainable agriculture and natural resources. The conference was divided into five sub-disciplines which are Agro-industrial Management, Food Science and Technology, Agricultural Science, Energy and Environment, and Agricultural Engineering. I was personally interested by Dr Roy Sparringa from National Agency for Drug and Food Control of The Republic of Indonesia. He confidently discussed about national policy on food safety and food security assurance. In fact, he said “Food safety in Indonesia has still less concern compared to other pillars in food security”. The next challenge is how to encourage the awareness of the importance of food safety in local food scheme. I also had a chat with Dr Valerien Pede from International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) about the new deal on climate change and the implications for ASEAN countries. More from the conversation, Dr Pede mentioned that ASEAN countries (both rice importers and exporters) facing a challenge to improve their capacity to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change in their respective countries. Currently IRRI designed a project to bridge the mitigation, and to establish informal and operational linkages.


at FANRE 2016, Brawijaya Uniersity, Malang – Indonesia

From those experiences I realized that there is one overriding reason to attend a conference is to get interacting with other scholars and peers. Conference provides a platform for sharing news, knowledge, and tips that can provide inspiration to make changes I greatly appreciate the opportunity to share my knowledge about Indonesia especially on street food sectors to the wider community. I believe, as an early career researcher, to be involved in these kind of events is important to further develop my knowledge of food production systems for providing assistance to Indonesia to develop our food and agricultural sectors.

At the end of the day, I was inspired by many scholars and enthusiasts. I am looking forward to get myself involved in the discourse of food and agriculture and to contribute more for Indonesia.



Photos courtesy of IRSA 2016 and Reyza Ramadhan

GoLive Indonesia would like to thank Reyza Ramadhan for sharing his experience and look forward to more great endeavors. We also look forward to accepting other inspiring stories. Send your experience via email to 


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GoLive Indonesia September Discussion Series presents: Frizca Setyorini on Indonesian Tax Amnesty

GoLive Indonesia Discussion Series is back this September, we’re proud to welcome back Frizca Setyorini to Adelaide. The discussion series will answer all your burning question about Indonesia’s Tax Amnesty program.

Mark you calendar and RSVP via this link.


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Indonesian Cultural Day, Adelaide – 10 September 2016

The 1st Indonesian Cultural Day in Adelaide is set for Saturday, 10 September 2016 at the Burnside Library, 401 Greenhill Road, Tusmore.

The event is organised by the AIA-SA in collaboration with the Burnside library. Come and join us to take part in exciting activities including Angklung and Balinese dance workshops, roving puppets, batik demonstrations, costume dress-ups, cooking demonstrations, and more.

See you there!!!



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Indonesia Research Day Kembali Digelar di Universitas Adelaide

Hari Riset Indonesia (Indonesia Research Day atau IRD) digelar di University of Adelaide Australia pekan lalu. Seminar tahunan ini merupakan kerjasama GoLive Indonesia dan PPIA South Australia didukung Faculty of Professions, University of Adelaide.

Kegiatan kali ini merupakan yang ketiga kalinya, dibuka dengan alunan musik tradisional Jawa Barat oleh Adelindo Angklung. Untuk tahun ini, terpilih total 13 pembicara yang dibagi dalam 4 tema panel diskusi, yakni sesi Perdagangan, Umum, Pemerintahan, dan Budaya.


Duta Besar Indonesia untuk Australia berfoto bersama panelis, moderator dan peserta 3rd Indonesia Research Day. 

GoLive Indonesia merupakan inisiatif Mari Elka Pangestu (Menteri Perdagangan RI periode 2004-2011, Menteri Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif periode 2011-2014) bersama Prof. Christopher Findlay (Executive Dean of the Faculty of the Professions,University of Adelaide) dan David Parsons (KADIN). Tujuannya, mendorong diskusi mengenai pembangunan ekonomi di Indonesia, khususnya terkait isu pemberantasan kemiskinan, lingkungan (perubahan iklim), perdagangan dan bisnis, investasi, serta pengembangan sumber daya manusia.

Dubes RI untuk Australia Nadjib Riphat Kesoema membuka seminar ini dengan memaparkan peluang dan tantangan kedua negara misalnya isu perubahan demografi. Pada 2030, katanya, Indonesia diprediksi memiliki populasi sebanyak 285 juta jiwa yang mayoritas berusia muda dan produktif, sedangkan Australia sebanyak 27 juta jiwa yang mayoritas diklasifikasi pasca-produktif.

Menurut dia, dengan bertambahnya jumlah penduduk, Indonesia dan Australia harus meningkatkan standar kehidupan dan ekonomi masyarakat secara keseluruhan. Hal ini dapat tercapai dengan memperbaiki perencanaan pembangunan serta kebijakan yang mengarah pada peningkatan produktivitas, peluang bisnis, menanamkan budaya inovasi dan riset ilmiah. “Kedua negara saat ini sudah memiliki hubungan kerjasama yang cukup kuat,” ujar Dubes Nadjib.

“Dalam bidang perdagangan, nilai kerjasama bilateral mencapai AUD 14 milyar dan masih dapat terus bertambah. Kedepannya, diharapkan kerjasama Indonesia dan Australia akan semakin erat khususnya dalam bidang ekonomi, perdagangan, investasi, pendidikan, dan counter-terorisme,” tambahnya.

Sementara itu Prof. Christopher Findlay, Dekan Eksekutif Fakultas Professions University of Adelaide, mempresentasikan risetnya mengenai peran sektor jasa sebagai pendorong percepatan ekonomi di Indonesia, khususnya dalam konteks ASEAN.

Prof. Findlay menyebutkan, sektor Jasa saat ini sudah berkontribusi sebesar 43% terhadap Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB) Indonesia pada 2015.

Namun persentase tersebut masih kecil jika dibandingkan dengan negara ASEAN lainnya seperti Singapura, Vietnam, dan Thailand. Salah satu pendiri GoLive Indonesia tersebut menganalisa terdapat empat faktor utama yang menyebabkan tersendatnya sektor jasa di Indonesia, yakni minim apresiasi terhadap insentif, kurangnya koordinasi antar lembaga pemerintah terkait, kebijakan yang kompleks dan sulit dipahami (khususnya oleh pihak asing), serta pasar yang terlalu sensitif terhadap perubahan.

Prof Findlay memberikan dua poin rekomendasi untuk mendorong pertumbuhan sektor jasa di Indonesia, yakni mendorong transparansi dan kejelasan informasi kebijakan pemerintah, serta meingkatkan keterlibatan Indonesia dalam komitmen internasional seperti ASEAN, APEC, maupun bilateral dengan Australia.


Steven Baker – Chairman AIBC South Australia (kiri), Muhammad Taufan – Moderator (tengah) dan Agung Haris – Ketua ITPC Sydney (kanan). 

Sesi pertama diskusi panel mengangkat topik perdagangan dengan pembicara Agung Haris, Kepala Indonesia Trade Promotion Centre (ITPC) dan Steven Baker, Ketua Australia-Indonesia Business Council regional Australia Selatan (AIBC).

Sesi ini membahas peluang bisnis dan investasi baik di Indonesia maupun Australia. Steven Baker secara khusus memberikan pandangan pelaku bisnis di Australia ketika bekerjasama dengan Indonesia, “implementasi kebijakan yang belum sampai ke bawah, hambatan perdagangan, dan ketidakjelasan informasi (perihal registrasi bisnis, aturan investasi, dsb) masih menjadi tantangan besar.”

Namun ia menjelaskan bahwa kerjasama bisnis antara dua negara sudah mengalami peningkatan dengan adanya kerjasama antar regional. “Misalnya kerjasama South Australia dengan Jawa Barat, proyek Solar Power di Maluku, proyek terminal 3 bandara Soekarno Hatta, dan pengadaan spare part untuk PINDAD,” ujarnya menutup sesi pertama.

Sesi kedua mendiskusikan mengenai perdagangan dan bisnis di Indonesia. Fajar Hirawan, kandidat Ph.D di University of Sydney mempresentasikan bagaimana ketegangan politik diantara Indonesia dan Australia mempegaruhi perdagangan bilateral diantara kedua negara tersebut. Hasil risetnya menunjukan bahwa perisitwa bom Bali memberikan efek yang lebih besar pada perdagangan bilateral dibandingkan isu-isu politik pada masa setelah Orde Baru hingga masa pemerintahan SBY.

Pembicara selanjutnya adalah Ani Wilujeng Suryani, kandidat Ph.D di University of South Australia. Risetnya menganalisa preferensi lulusan Akuntasi yang cenderung memilih berkarir di pemerintahan atau korporasi dibandingkan di Kantor Akuntan Publik (KAP).

Sesi kedua ditutup oleh pembicara ketiga, Leah Wilson. Mahasiswi University of Adelaide ini memparkan bagaimana industri busana memberi dampak negatif pada masyarakat dan lingkungan di Indonesia, melalui proses produksi yang tidak berkesinambungan hingga dampak sosial yang ditimbulkan.


Monica Hartanti – Moderator Panel perdagangan dan bisnis, Fajar Hirawan – kandidat Phd University of Sydney, Ani Wilujeng Suryani – kandidat PhD University of South Australia dan Leah Wilson – pelajar double Bachelor  Studi international dan Studi pembangunan di University of Adelaide. 

Sesi ketiga mengangkat topik pemerintahan dan reformasi birokrasi. Pembicara pertama, Maryke Van Dierman, kandidat Ph.D di University of Adelaide, mempresentasikan risetnya mengenai peran Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat (LSM) dalam memberikan perlindungan sosial di Indonesia.

“Setelah masa Orde Baru, LSM mempunyai peranan penting dalam mengadvokasi perlindungan sosial ke tahap yang lebih jauh. Sebagai contoh, LSM dapat mempengaruhi pemerintah untuk mengesahkan kebijakan BPJS,” ujarnya.

Panelis kedua Sukendar, kandidat Ph.D di Flinders University memaparkan efektivitas Perlindungan Terpadu Penanganan Kekerasan (PTPK) di Semarang dan Cilacap dalam mengadvokasi korban Kekerasan Domestik dalam Rumah Tangga (KDRT). Namun, masih ada beberapa tantangan dalam implementasi di lapangan, misalnya kurangnya koordinasi antar pihak terkait, staf yang kurang berpengalaman, lemahnya komunikasi dengan LSM, serta tidak adanya payung hukum di tingkat daerah.

Pembicara ketiga, Muhammad Maulana, kandidat Master di Flinders University, mengkritisi Kabinet Indonesia Bersatu II (periode 2011-2015) yang dianggap gagal dalam mengalokasikan 5% dana kesehatan sebagaimana tercantum dalam APBN.

Panelis terakhir adalah Mochamad Mustafa, kandidat Ph.D di University of Adelaide, menganalisa dinamika politik lokal yang mempengaruhi reformasi birokrasi dalam hal ‘lelang’ (procurement) di Surabaya dan Bogor.

Lebih jauh, Mustafa melihat bahwa reformasi birokrasi tidak dapat dilakukan oleh pihak tunggal (pemimpin daerah), namun juga seluruh aktor di daerah tersebut. Surabaya dianggap berhasil melakukan reformasi di bidang ‘lelang’ karena institusi akademis, media, dan LSM pro-reformasi, yang pada akhirnya berhasil mengurangi tingkat korupsi di daerah. Sebaliknya di Bogor, minimnya aktor pro-reformasi menyebabkan ‘lelang bersih’ masih tersendat.


Koordinator GoLive Indonesia – Aritta Gracia Girsang (tengah) berfoto bersama para panelis sesi Budaya Ferry & Yenny, Suryo Guritno, Brett Caliss dan Emily Rustanto (dari kiri ke kanan). 

Sesi terakhir membahas bagaimana kekuataan budaya yang dapat merekatkan kedua negara. Adelindo Angklung menyampaikan kesan dalam memperkenalkan budaya Indonesia melalui musik angklung di Australia Selatan.

Senada dengan Adelindo, Rebana El-Musafeer menceritakan pengalamannya dalam membawa misi perdamaian melalui musik rebana yang identik dengan nuansa islami. “Dengan musik, kita belajar menerima perbedaan, dan karenanya kita bisa menjadi teman,” ujar Suryo Guritno.

Brett Caliss dan Emily Rustanto, warga Australia yang belajar bahasa dan budaya Indonesia di beberapa tempat di Indonesia, menceritakan pengalaman mereka ketika hidup bersama masyarakat di Jogjakarta, Jawa Timur, Sumatera Barat, dan Kalimantan. “Misi pertukaran seni dan budaya dapat menjadikan dua negara ini lebih dekat,” ujar Brett, Direktur Artistik IndoFest yang dapat memainkan beberapa alat musik tradisional Indonesia ini.
Penyelenggaraan 3rd Indonesia Research Day kali ini mendapatkan banyak sekali dukungan dan partisipasi positif dari masyarakat dan pemerhati Indonesia khususnya mereka yang berada di Adelaide, Australia Selatan.

Ferly Komul, salah satu peserta IRD dan juga pelajar Master of Petroleum Engineering di University of Adelaide, mengungkapkan dukungannya terhadap acara tahunan GoLive Indonesia tersebut.

Dia juga menambahkan bahwa “Acara seperti ini sangat bagus untuk dijadikan forum bertukar pikiran antara semua lapisan masyarakat pemerhati Indonesia. Semoga acara ini bisa terus dilanjutkan dan bisa mewadahi lebih banyak lagi topik-topik bahasan”.

Koordinator GoLive Indonesia, Aritta Gracia Girsang, mengungkapkan rasa syukur dan terima kasih kepada semua pihak yang telah berkontribusi sehingga acara 3rd Indonesia Research Day tahun ini berjalan dengan lancar dan menjadi ajang Indonesia Research Day terbesar semenjak diluncurkan pada tahun 2014.

*This article is written by Naimah Lutfi, and was originally published on Australia Pluls Indonesia, link provided here .

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