Ardian Wahyu Setiawan, a PhD Scholar, School of Education at Faculty of Professions University of Adelaide presented his research at our academic discussion series collaborating with PPIA Indonesian Student Association at University of Adelaide on 5 November 2012. He talked about racial/stereotypical issues among non-native English teachers.
Language is not only about the language itself but also about identity and race.
English is used in 75 territories in the world (Crystal 2003). The majority of English teachers are non-native speakers. But they are discriminated against, less treated. An advertisement of job vacancy in Korea even states clearly that a preference will be given to candidates with blonde hair! Unequal views to some extent may be contributed by the history of colonialism.
In Indonesia, similar issues raise. Some advertisements require the candidates to be non-Indonesian citizens.
The above issues are related to the non-native English teachers’ identity. Identity itself is socially constructed. Ardian is looking at this issue from various perspectives including student’s perception.
In social psychology, identity is an image – who are you? and who am I?. The past may influence.
Ardian conducts qualitative critical ethnographic research and visual methods. Previous studies commonly use interviews, questionnaires or combination of these two highlighting the contribution of his research to literature. Visual materials provide benefits in terms of practicality and polysemic quality. Common visual instruments include FERET, the Yale Face Database B, the Face Recognition Data website, etc.
Considering the drawbacks of several methods, Ardian uses Facegen Modeller v3.4. It is commonly used for biometric security, police applications, 3D games. A pilot study suggested no technical difficulty arose. Time needed to complete the task and the number of pictures generated varied among the participants. In the interview stage, 367 facial images were produced in 9 minutes and 8 seconds.
The research outcomes may be able to advise the Indonesian government in relation to its recent policy to hire non-Indonesian English teachers including those whose English is not their first language from Poland, etc.
His next step is to conduct fieldwork to get a bigger number of respondents located in Malang, East Java Indonesia.
*This summary is prepared by Risti Permani