The distance from Christmas Island and Ashmore Reef to the nearest Indonesian coastline is less than 250 nm. About 5,000 people on board of leaky Indonesian boats – that navigated by Indonesian crews – arrived in Australia during the first four months this year.
And many more had arrived through similar way in the previous years. These are clear evidences that these boats and these people must have previously departed from Indonesia.
In Indonesia, almost all investigated migrant smuggling cases are related to the transporting of people leaving Indonesia illegally to Australia, the outbound migrant smuggling.
However, as a transit country, Indonesia is not only experiencing outbound migrant smuggling but also the inbound one, entering Indonesia’s northern-shore of its western region.
Evidences from the investigated outbound cases strongly indicate that:
most irregular immigrants were previously smuggled too, from Malaysia.
This indication of massive inbound smuggling operations is not responded very well by Indonesian law agencies. There is also no strong evidence that Indonesia has liaised with Malaysia adequately to deal with this issue.
It is pretty much in contrast with Indonesia’s response to the outbound migrant smuggling. There seems to be gaps in Indonesia’s law enforcement response.
Akhmad Khumaidi’s research explores and identifies these gaps with an expectation that its findings can be used to balance and to improve Indonesia’s law enforcement response to this serious crime.
*Akhmad Khumaidi, a research scholar at Flinder Law School at Flinders University, is presenting his research findings at the GoLive Indonesia discussion series on 29 August 2013. For more information about our program please visit: https://goliveindonesia.wordpress.com/event/