Category Archives: IndonesiaResearchUpdate

Indonesia Research Update #10: Cultural Representation in an English Textbook by Soni Ariawan

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A nation’s cultural representation in an English textbook is vital to help student understand the learning content contextually.

Motivated to improve knowledge on this issue, Soni Ariawan, founder of Gelora Education Centre in Lombok, Indonesia whom also a Master of Education student in The University of Adelaide, conducted a research specifically in Indonesia context.

His study investigates cultural representation in an English textbook prescribed for senior high school in Indonesia which is officially published by Ministry of Education and Culture in 2017.

The research aims to explore cultural dimensions and cultural categories revealed in the textbook by employing Byram’s checklist of cultural dimensions and Cortazzi and Jin’s categories of culture as the theoretical frameworks.

The data for analysis is selected from the textbook which includes conversations, reading texts and visual elements. The findings show that stereotypes and national identity dominate the cultural dimensions with 28.05% of the total dimensions.

The indications are disseminated in various forms including artefacts, popular people and popular places. The inclusion of national identity is pivotal for learners since the textbook is prescribed for senior high school students who are tremendously curious to determine their own characters.

Hence, presenting popular people who have many achievements or have made many contributions might be useful for them and may give them good role models. This idea is also aligned with the main aim of 2013 curriculum to facilitate the development of students with good character, good behaviour and strong nationality.

Regarding cultural categories, source culture or Indonesian culture is the most prominent with 61.2%, while target culture and international target culture achieve 19.8% and 14.9% respectively.

The presence of source culture encompasses social interaction, school and family environment, national identity and national history as well as national geography. Where the target culture is concerned, the United States of America is the most highly represented inner circle country’s culture in the textbook, while India and Japan are the countries primarily represented in the international target culture category.

It is concluded that English textbook in Indonesia is on the way to its perfection in terms of proportionally represented cultural aspects. However, the presence of various cultural aspects of source culture, target culture and international target culture is also important to help students develop multicultural awareness and a certain level of respects as well as tolerance for others.

More information could be accessed by contacting Soni in ariawansoni@gmail.com

 

Soni Ariawan is a postgraduate student in Master of Education program, the University of Adelaide, with support of scholarship from Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP)

He is the founder of Gelora Education Centre which is a language and education center to develop children quality in reading, language skill and reading to be the better generation.

 

Indonesia Research Update is an initiative by GoLive Indonesia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We sincerely thank Soni and wish the best for his future endeavours in career and life.

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Indonesia Research Update #9: What do Education Policy Makers Believe and Act Regarding Parental Engagement? by Wahyuddin, S.Pd., M.Ed.

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It is undeniable that family-school collaboration results in a positive impact on students’ attitudes, achievement, emotions and health.

However, many schools do not take this advantage as there is no policy or program specified to engage parents in their children’s education. This situation can happen because of different characters showed by policy makers.

The absence of parental programs can be caused that policy makers have no positive beliefs regarding parental engagement in education.

In another condition, education policy makers may have an appropriate perspective by seeing parents as partners to reach educational goals, but they do not implement it in a real policy.

The illustration above encouraged Wahyuddin to find out whether the education policy makers at the district level possess positive beliefs and behaviours regarding parental involvement in education. Therefore, it could be known if policy makers’ beliefs are consistent with their efforts on the issue.

This study was conducted in a district in Eastern of Indonesia, funded by Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education and supervised by Dr Robert Matthews.

It employed a qualitative research using a phenomenological approach. Five education policy makers mentioned above were participating in the study through a semi-structured interview.

The research concluded that the education decision makers in the district from the regent to the principal were aware of and had an appropriate perception about the importance of parental involvement for pupils, families, schools and local governments.

However, such positive beliefs are not coherent with their actions in which they did not make policies or programs intended to involve parents.

 

More information could be accessed by contacting Wahyuddin in wahyuddinmy@gmail.com

 

Wahyuddin received Master of Education at School of Education, the University of Adelaide in 2017 and obtained his Bachelor of Education at Universitas Negeri Makassar in 2011.

He was the chairman of Student Research Institute PENALARAN and the General Secretary of Association of Indonesia Student Research Organisations (ILP2MI) from 2010 to 2011.

His research interests include teacher quality and learning, educational policy and higher education.

 

Indonesia Research Update is an initiative by GoLive Indonesia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We sincerely thank Wahyuddin and wish the best for his future endeavours in career and life.

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Indonesia Research Update #8: Women’s Utterances Style by Ukhfi Thursina

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Ukhfi Thursina

It is inevitable that men and women have distinct ways of going about being amiable when they speak and one of the factors that make the differences between men and women’s utterances is boosters.

 

Boosting devices used to strengthen and reinforce the utterances to make the hearer do understand about the speaker’s expectation.

Epistemic modal tag, challenging tag, facilitative tag, softening tag, “you know”, “really”, “of course”, interjection and repetition are examples of such boosters.

 

It is essential however, to employ politeness strategies in emphasizing utterances as it is essential to communicate not only in effectively but also in properly way.

Using precise politeness strategies to boost the expression will be the extra spark that draws the hearer’s attention.

 

To have such a good way in speaking, the speaker should consider a bald on record, positive politeness, negative politeness, off record and do not do the face threatening act (FTA) strategy.

 

Women have been found to use boosters a lot, notably in an oral communication.

 

Ukhfi Thursina, a master degree student in School of Education, The University of Adelaide, completed a research investigating women’s extensive use of boosters as politeness strategies.

Her research used a descriptive qualitative approach by analyzing, categorizing and summarizing the content of the conversations of the women on The Hollywood Reporter Roundtable Talkshow.

 

The result of her research shows that women tend to use “you know”, tag question and “of course” to modify the force of statement.

 

Results also indicates that there are two types of commonly used politeness strategies used in those boosters: positive politeness and off record.

 

The use of positive politeness strategy seeks to point and highlight the solidarity to save the hearer’s face as it builds good relationship to both the speaker and the hearer.

More information could be accessed by contacting Ukhfi in ukhfithursina@gmail.com

 

 

Ukhfi Thursina is a postgraduate student in Master of Education Program, The University of Adelaide, with support of scholarship from Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP)

 

She has presented this study at the 2018 International Symposium on Education and Psychology in Kyoto, Japan.

 

 

Indonesia Research Update is an initiative by GoLive Indonesia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We sincerely thank Ukhfi and wish the best for her future endeavours in career and life.

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Indonesia Research Update #7: Information and Communication Technologies by Ferdinand Wadu He and team

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Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) is especially useful in developing tertiary students’ higher order thinking skills.

 

However, past literature highlighted two fundamental problems in relation to examining the utility and impact of ICT:

 

First, the difficulty in distinguishing which aspect of technology mediates learning due to the diverse forms of educational technology under the umbrella term ICT;

 

And second, the conventional conceptions of ICT as tools for drill-and-skill education rather than higher order thinking skill learning.

 

Ferdinand Wadu He, a master degree student in School of Education, The University of Adelaide, together with his fellow researchers in South Australia conducted a systematic review aiming to identify ICT utilised in tertiary education of its conceptual and methodological perspectives, and its impact on students’ higher order thinking skills.

 

The team, consisted of Hnin Nwe Nwe Tun, Cherry Htun, Che Yee Lye, Ala’ Fahed Aburumman, and Ferdinand himself searched databases such as ERIC, INSPEC, AEI and Google Scholar.

 

Total number of 114 studies meeting all three criteria concerning ICT, higher order thinking skills and tertiary educational level were included.

 

Analysis done by the team revealed that the majority of the studies emphasized on the utilisation of ICT for teaching and learning (77%), while the remaining focussed on assessment and evaluation (10%), facilities and resources (8%), curriculum and policy (1%), and others (4%).

 

The in-depth review of the 114 studies revealed that ICT tools such as Wiki, Web-based bulletin board and online discussion tools positively impacted on higher order thinking, critical thinking, problem solving and creativity skills.

 

This review from Ferdinand and his colleagues provides the implications of students need to be made aware of higher order thinking skills and the use of ICT, while teachers need to undergo professional development for use of ICT to promote students’ higher order thinking skills.

 

More information could be accessed by contacting Ferdinand in ferdinandwaduhe@gmail.com or Che Yee Lye in cheyee.lye@adelaide.edu.au

 

 

Ferdinand Wadu He is a postgraduate student in Master of Education Program, The University of Adelaide, with support of scholarship from Australia Awards Scholarship.

Ferdinand is also an active GoLive Indonesia volunteer.

 

He and his team presented this study at Higher Education Research Group of Adelaide (HERGA) 2017 Conference in Adelaide.

 

Indonesia Research Update is an initiative by GoLive Indonesia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We sincerely thank Ferdinand and his colleagues and wish the best for his future endeavours in career and life.

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Indonesia Research Update #6: Problem Based Learning by Shinta Sari

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Mathematical problem-solving abilities are critical to be learned by students for uses in their daily life activities.

 

The abilities of Indonesian students in mathematical problem solving are still leaving room for improvement.

 

Problem Based Learning (PBL) is expected being an appropriate approach to overcome the issue.

 

Shinta Sari, a master degree student in School of Education, The University of Adelaide, conducted a research comparing PBL and the more conventional approach in relation to mathematical problem-solving abilities of junior high school students in Indonesia.

 

In her research, she used quasi-experiment research with pre-test and post-test as the design, and used tests of mathematical problem-solving abilities as the instrument.

 

The result of this study revealed that the increase in mathematical problem-solving abilities of the students who were taught with PBL approach is higher than the more conventional approach.

 

She suggested utilization of PBL approach to improve students’ mathematical problem-solving abilities.

 

More information could be accessed by contacting Shinta in shintasari013@gmail.com

 

 

Shinta Sari is a postgraduate student in Master of Education Program, The University of Adelaide, with support of scholarship from LPDP (Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education).

 

She has presented this study at the 2018 International Symposium on Education and Psychology in Kyoto, Japan.

 

Indonesia Research Update is an initiative by GoLive Indonesia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We sincerely thank Shinta and wish the best for her future endeavours in career and life.

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Indonesia Research Update #5: Digital Pedagogy Review by Raissa Mataniari

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Previous research has shown the effectiveness of ICT (Information Communication Technology) integration in learning to improve critical thinking skills of students.

 

Hence, technology could not function solely in ICT-integrated learning, it should be associated with the way teachers employ ICT-integrated materials in classroom, known as digital pedagogy.

 

However, the role of digital pedagogy is sometimes neglected in ICT-integrated learning; which potentially results in inadequate learning processes.

 

Raissa Mataniari, a master degree student in School of Education, The University of Adelaide, conducted a systematic review examining the way digital pedagogy has been included in ICT-integrate learning to improve critical thinking skills of students.

 

In her review, the inclusion of digital pedagogy elements: attitude and aptitude; in 145 journal relevant articles were examined.

 

The results showed that 28 articles included the act of embedding digital technology meaningfully into an educational context (attitude) in 91% of journal articles and the meshing of pedagogical expertise with digital technology (aptitude) in 87% of journal articles. With regard to validity and reliability, construct validity was used.

 

Despite some limitations, this study gives benefits to researchers and educators as a point of reference for future interest in designing ICT-integrated learning. Further, this study also gives recommendation of future research to seek the affiliation between digital pedagogy and TPACK.

 

 

More information could be accessed by contacting Raissa in raissamataniari@gmail.com

 

 

 

Raissa Mataniari completed her Bachelor of Education Degree (Biology) in Universitas Jambi.

She is a postgraduate student in Master of Education Program, The University of Adelaide, with support of scholarship from LPDP (Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education).

  

Indonesia Research Update is an initiative by GoLive Indonesia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We sincerely thank Raissa and wish the best for her future endeavours in career and life.

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Indonesia Research Update #4: Video Tutorial In Education by Ainun Najib Alfatih

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The ability to study independently is crucial for senior high school students, Indonesia is no exception in this matter.

 

Nowadays, the fast growth of information technology creates many possibilities in regards of self-study, including in it the utilization of video tutorial.

 

Ainun Najib Alfatih, a postgraduate student in School of Education, The University of Adelaide, completed a research examining the efficacy of video tutorial on learning outcomes of high school students.

 

His research used pre-experimental design to determine the magnitude of students’ test score improvement who were taught using the self-study method with video tutorials on the remedial process, and to investigate differences in learning outcomes of students after the remedial process using self-study with video tutorials.

 

Inspired to support young people in his hometown, he chose class XI of SMAN 1 Bontonompo Gowa (high school) as the population.

 

Statistical analysis resulted in the notion of there are differences in learning outcomes of students before and after using a self-learning with video tutorial in the remedial process.

 

He recommends that video tutorial can be used in the process of remediation or in-class activities that requires problem-solving process, especially in the case of derivation of equation in Physics subject.

 

 

More information could be accessed by contacting Najib in ainunnajibalfatih@gmail.com

 

 

Ainun Najib Alfatih completed his Bachelor of Education Degree (Physics) in Universitas Negeri Makasar.

 

He is a postgraduate student in Master of Education Program, The University of Adelaide, with support of scholarship from LPDP (Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education).

 

He is also a current vice president of PPIA South Australia until 2018.

 

Indonesia Research Update is a joint initiative by GoLive Indonesia and LPDP South Australia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We sincerely thank Najib and wish the best for his future endeavours in career and life.

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