Indonesia Research Update #4: Video Tutorial In Education by Ainun Najib Alfatih

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The ability to study independently is crucial for senior high school students, Indonesia is no exception in this matter.

 

Nowadays, the fast growth of information technology creates many possibilities in regards of self-study, including in it the utilization of video tutorial.

 

Ainun Najib Alfatih, a postgraduate student in School of Education, The University of Adelaide, completed a research examining the efficacy of video tutorial on learning outcomes of high school students.

 

His research used pre-experimental design to determine the magnitude of students’ test score improvement who were taught using the self-study method with video tutorials on the remedial process, and to investigate differences in learning outcomes of students after the remedial process using self-study with video tutorials.

 

Inspired to support young people in his hometown, he chose class XI of SMAN 1 Bontonompo Gowa (high school) as the population.

 

Statistical analysis resulted in the notion of there are differences in learning outcomes of students before and after using a self-learning with video tutorial in the remedial process.

 

He recommends that video tutorial can be used in the process of remediation or in-class activities that requires problem-solving process, especially in the case of derivation of equation in Physics subject.

 

 

More information could be accessed by contacting Najib in ainunnajibalfatih@gmail.com

 

 

Ainun Najib Alfatih completed his Bachelor of Education Degree (Physics) in Universitas Negeri Makasar.

 

He is a postgraduate student in Master of Education Program, The University of Adelaide, with support of scholarship from LPDP (Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education).

 

He is also a current vice president of PPIA South Australia until 2018.

 

Indonesia Research Update is a joint initiative by GoLive Indonesia and LPDP South Australia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We sincerely thank Najib and wish the best for his future endeavours in career and life.

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Indonesia Research Update #3: How Environmentally Friendly are You? by Marpaleni

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The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) declared in 2007 that global warming and climate change are not just a series of events caused by nature, but rather caused by human behaviour.

 

Thus, to reduce the impact of human activities on climate change there is a need of information on how people are currently behaving towards the environment and what constraints they are facing to practice Environmentally Friendly Behavior (EFB) in their daily life.

 

Information in Indonesia on these remains largely missing, or not fully integrated within the existing data systems.

 

Marpaleni, a PhD candidate in Flinders University, propose a study aiming to fill the gap in this knowledge by introducing a measure to monitor the level of EFB of Indonesians, by taking her home province of South Sumatera as a case of study.

 

To achieve this objective, Marpaleni conducted a primary research on 490 households in South Sumatera Province on August – October 2016.

 

The data was then analysed with SPSS software by adopting a combination of Factor Analysis and the 2/3 methods.

 

The preliminary finding of her research shows that, currently, more households in South Sumatera have been behaving in an environmentally unfriendly way.

 

More information could be obtained by contacting Marpaleni directly by email: marpaleni@gmail.com

 

 

Marpaleni is doing her PhD Degree in Population and Environment, Flinders University, with support of a scholarship from Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP).

 

She currently holds a position as statistician in Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia – Palembang Area Office.


Indonesia Research Update is a joint initiative by GoLive Indonesia and LPDP South Australia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We sincerely thank Marpaleni and wish the best for her future endeavours in career and life.

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Indonesia Research Update #2: Local Content Policies Implementation by Yanuar Syapaat

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Realizing the potency of massive market in oil and gas sector, Indonesia implemented local content policies (LCPs) with the intention to require oil and gas companies to utilize host countries’ goods and services.

 

The LCPs in Indonesia stipulate the regulation in some particular areas in the oil and gas industries, including procurement rule, training and technology transfer, and employment requirement.

 

A report of SKK Migas year 2015 shows the decreasing trend in ratio of Indonesia-foreign employee from 2006 to 2015. Indicating that LCPs were able to encourage oil and gas companies to utilize Indonesian employees to work for their companies.

 

However, the whole (goods and services) of local content level from 2006 to 2014 also shows decreasing trend.

 

Inspired to investigate challenges in implementing LCPs in Indonesia, Yanuar Syapaat, a graduate of The University of Adelaide specialised in Project Systems, completed a study on LCPs in Indonesia.

 

Yanuar’s research aimed to describe implementation and outcome of LCPs in Indonesia and four selected countries, namely Australia, Norway, Brazil, and Nigeria.

 

Yanuar used Soft System Methodology to analyse adaptable solution from the best practices of LCPs implementation in four countries to answer the challenges in Indonesian context.

 

His study discovered that most of the challenges could be possibly solved by adopting the strategic steps of implementation in these four countries, including:

 

  1. Monitoring, enforcement and evaluation including fines and sustainable evaluation and feedback system.
  2. Industrial agglomeration and specialization, also research and development in universities and research centre.
  3. Decentralization consideration.
  4. Support and development.
  5. Anti-dumping policies.

 

More information could be accessed by contacting Yanuar Syapaat in yanuar_syapaat@rekayasa.co.id

 

 

Yanuar Syapaat completed his Master Degree in Applied Project Management Program, The University of Adelaide, with support of a scholarship from Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP).

 

He was the head of LPDP South Australia (LPDP awardee and alumni community in South Australia) from 2016 to 2017.

 

Indonesia Research Update is a joint initiative by GoLive Indonesia and LPDP South Australia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We sincerely thank Kang Yanu and wish the best for his future endeavours in career and life.

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Indonesia Research Update: Facilitating Indonesian Pedestrians by Ridlo Haryono

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Jakarta has various issues to be resolved. As Indonesian biggest city, one of the
problems that still become a nightmare nowadays is transportation.

 

The population of vehicles in Jakarta increases very rapidly due to the high growth of economy in the last decades.

 

Additionally, the motorization phenomenon in Jakarta has generated traffic safety issue, especially for pedestrians.

 

The rates of injury and fatality toward pedestrian in Jakarta become one of the highest and remain at the high level across the country.

 

Further, it is indicated that the governments have only been focusing on the development of road infrastructures toward vehicles rather than the walkable environments for pedestrians.

 

Motivated to help solve the complexity of transportation in Indonesia, Ridlo Haryono, a graduate from Applied Project Management Program, The University of Adelaide, completed a research on pedestrian safety in Jakarta.

 

Through qualitative methodology and complex system of thinking, Soft System Methodology was employed by Ridlo to analyse the complexity of transportation system in the capital city of Indonesia.

 

Ridlo suggested that there should be continuous effort to improve public understanding pertaining the rights and the minimum standard of facilities for pedestrian through socialization and education of the Act No. 22 Year 2009 regarding the Traffic and Land Transportation.

 

Further, he also mentioned that there should be more attention on pedestrian facilities especially in regards of public policy from government and investment from private sector.

 

More information could be accessed by contacting Ridlo Haryono in ridlokuntoro@gmail.com.

 

 

Ridlo Haryono completed his Master Degree in Applied Project Management Program, The University of Adelaide with support from Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP).

He was the President of Indonesian Student Association Branch South Australia (PPIA SA) from 2016 to 2017.

 

Indonesia Research Update is an initiative by GoLive Indonesia that aims to promote and disseminate knowledge and information obtained through research completed by Indonesian students outside of Indonesia.

We thank Ridlo Haryono and wish the best for his future endeavours in career and life.

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Jarak Realitas Kaum Intelektual – Jony Eko Yulianto

 

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oleh: Jony Eko Yulianto

Dosen Psikologi Sosial Universitas Ciputra Surabaya

 

Situasi masyarakat tengah terpolarisasi ke dalam golongan-golongan sosial. Klaim ini sahih setidaknya jika didasarkan pada indikator menguatnya atensi selektif (selective attention), yaitu kecenderungan masyarakat untuk hanya bersedia mendengar pendapat yang sesuai dengan apa yang dipercayai oleh kelompoknya. Bahkan, pendapat itu kemudian direproduksi untuk membenarkan posisi kelompok sendiri (in-group favoritism) sambil menjelekkan kelompok lainnya (out-group derogation). Kondisi ini mengancam jati diri kita yang terkenal sebagai sebagai bangsa yang mengedepankan nilai-nilai musyawarah mufakat.

 

Polarisasi sosial penting mendapatkan perhatian kita karena baik secara langsung atau tidak langsung terkait esensi identitas bangsa Indonesia sebagai negara demokratis. Situasi sosial yang didominasi atensi selektif sangat rentan menumpulkan diskusi kritis dan mematikan nalar. Jika merunut kepada esensi demokrasi, sebenarnya kritik dan ketidakpuasan terhadap sebuah tata kelola pemerintahan adalah hal yang wajar saja. Tetapi kritik sebagai kontrol sosial demi kestabilan demokrasi hanya dapat berfungsi optimal ketika disampaikan secara dialogis.

 

Kerangka dialogis akan menghasilkan kritik yang substansif. Untuk menyusun bangunan kritik yang substantif, diperlukan sebuah pemahaman mendalam tentang substansi argumen lawan yang akan dikritik. Itu sebabnya situasi masyarakat yang terpolarisasi sulit menciptakan ruang-ruang dialektika karena setiap kelompok mempercayai bahwa diri dan kelompoknya sendiri adalah pihak yang benar tanpa bersedia secara utuh memahami sudut pandang pihak yang lain.

 

Efeknya bisa kita lihat. Fanatisme kelompok semakin menguat. Rasionalitas tidak mendapatkan tempat yang terhormat. Sentimen tentang identitas dimainkan dengan sedemikian mudah. Tokoh-tokoh pemersatu yang dahulu sangat dihormati mengalami delegitimasi karena berbeda pandangan politik. Informasi-informasi yang datang dengan mudah direproduksi dan direinterpretasi sesuai dengan kebutuhan.

 

Para peneliti psikologi sosial, khususnya di bidang perilaku di dunia maya, memperkenalkan istilah Eco Chambers untuk menunjukkan betapa selektifnya konsumsi informasi pada masyarakat yang terpolarisasi. Dengan kata lain, masyarakat kini cenderung hanya mengkonsumsi informasi yang diinginkan, dan hanya bersedia mendengarkan informasi dari orang-orang yang memiliki pemikiran serupa. Situasi yang diibaratkan seperti kehidupan di ruang gema.

 

Kejernihan Pandangan

Situasi masyarakat yang terpolarisasi membuat kebutuhan akan pandangan yang jernih dan mampu mengurai kekusutan sosial menjadi kebutuhan yang penting dan mendesak. Pandangan yang jernih ini salah satunya dapat diberikan oleh para intelektual, khususnya intelektual yang berjarak dari realitas. Intelektual yang menempatkan pandangan-pandangannya melampaui kepercayaan-kepercayaan subjektif yang justru menjadi akar terciptanya kubu dan golongan.

 

Dalam kehidupan berbangsa yang demokratis, kaum intelektual memiliki peran yang sangat penting dalam menjaga marwah nalar dan rasionalitas, baik dalam perilaku politik maupun dalam perilaku sosial masyarakatnya. Kaum terpelajar ini seharusnya menjadi sumber rujukan dalam melihat pola-pola perilaku sosial dan memberikan inspirasi pada masyarakat bagaimana harus menyingkapi konflik-konflik horizontal.

 

Di Vietnam, kata intelektual disebut sebagai “tri thuc”, yang merupakan kombinasi dari “mind” dan “awake”. Artinya, kehidupan sebagai seorang yang terdidik seharusnya menuntut kita juga untuk tetap memiliki nalar yang jernih dan tetap terjaga dari bias-bias kognitif yang sangat mungkin timbul oleh karena permainan sentimen sosial. Selain itu, adalah juga menjadi tugas para intelektual untuk membangunkan masyarakat dari gesekan-gesekan yang mungkin saja terjadi karena kekeliruan dalam berpikir.

 

Bertrand Russell melalui karyanya The Role of Intellectual in the Modern World bahkan menekankan pentingnya peran intelektual di tengah-tengah kehidupan sosial yang heterogen. Sebagai kelompok masyarakat yang beruntung menikmati kesempatan mengenyam pendidikan hingga ke level tertinggi, seharusnya kaum intelektual memiliki tanggung jawab moral yang besar pula untuk menjaga tatanan heterogen ini dari propaganda-propaganda. “Bisa lewat ucapan”, lanjut Russell, “Atau juga tindakan dan tulisan”.

 

Tetapi apa yang terjadi saat ini? Sangat disayangkan karena faktanya sebagian kaum intelektual justru terjebak dan menjadi bagian dari polarisasi sosial itu sendiri. Tingginya gelar akademis rupanya tidak menjamin seorang intelektual untuk tidak terjebak dalam sesat pikir. Hal ini secara psikologis dapat terjadi karena beberapa hal: Karena kebutuhan penegasan kepada publik bahwa ia memiliki sikap dan keberpihakan, karena kekuatiran untuk terlihat tidak kritis, karena tekanan untuk sepakat dengan ajaran keyakinan atau dorongan untuk memiliki sikap politik yang sama dengan keluarga, atau karena konstruksi ilmu pengetahuan yang tidak mantap.

 

Dorong dan Bantu

Adakah solusi untuk mengkonkretkan upaya revitalisasi peranan kaum intelektual dalam gerakan kebangsaan? Tulisan ini mengajukan dua mekanisme, yakni dorong dan bantu. Dorong di sini artinya mendorong pemerintah untuk memberikan fokus besar untuk membenahi situasi sosial yang terpolarisasi. Kaum intelektual memiliki kekuatan informasional (informational power) untuk mendesak pemerintah bahwa rekonsiliasi nasional merupakan agenda yang penting dan layak menjadi kerja prioritas karena berkaitan dengan identitas nasional sebagai negara bhinneka yang demokratis.

 

Sedangkan bantu di sini artinya turun tangan membantu pemerintah mempersiapkan mekanisme rekonsiliasi sosial untuk setiap warganya. Para intelektual dapat berperan sebagai rekan kerja pemerintah dalam menerjemahkan ide keadilan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia dengan eksekusi-eksekusi terukur yang memungkinkan setiap orang mendapatkan fasilitas dan hak yang setara.

 

Jangan kita lupa bahwa bangsa kita bangkit berkat Soetomo dan para intelektual lain yang bersedia melampaui visi organisasi Boedi Oetomo menjadi visi besar kebangsaan. Artinya, kebangkitan intelektualisme kebangsaan di Indonesia ini lahir berkat sekelompok intelektual-intelektual yang tidak hanya berpikir eksklusif institusional, tetapi intelektual yang menjaga diri mereka untuk tetap menempatkan nilai-nilai kebangsaan di atas kepentingan pribadi dan golongan.

 

GoLive Indonesia menyampaikan terima kasih kepada Jony Eko Yulianto untuk sumbangan pemikirannya.

Bila anda berminat, silakan kirim tulisan ilmiah-populer anda dengan topik apa saja ke golive.moderator@gmail.com

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GoLive Indonesia Discussion Series: “The Importance of New Learning Experience for International Students”

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GoLive Indonesia together with School of Education – The University of Adelaide are back with the discussion series event for this upcoming July 2017. We are proudly bringing to the table the experience of Dr. Barry Elsey and Dr. Amina Omarova from the Entrepreneurship, Commercialisation and Innovation Centre (ECIC), University of Adelaide South Australia, in delivering a double degree master program, co-partnered with Bogor Agricultural Institute (IPB) Indonesia.

Still related to our past discussion series on May 2017, Dr. Elsey and Dr. Omarova will discuss on how international students ought to be challenged to learn in a new and different way.

The double degree master program require a cohort of Indonesian students, early-career employees of the Ministry of Industry to undertake a different kind of applied research experience, based on case study and interpretive methodology.

The analysis of these students’ learning experiences were conducted in four main ways. These will be briefly reported.

This July Discussion Series will be enriching the experience and knowledge of those who are international students, and those interested in higher education and applied research project.

Mark your calendar and RSVP via this link http://bit.ly/2sKYpDJ

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International Womens Day 2017: Ready to Be Bold For Change?

Women empowerment is essential for a better Indonesia. In this article, Deviana Wijaya Dewi share her thoughts regarding the issue.

 

After some preceding events such as women’s march around Bundaran Hotel Indonesia last Saturday on the 4th March, simultaneously with other marches around the world as well as various activism for women’s rights and gender equality on social media, today the 8th March is the culmination of those beautiful efforts as we celebrate the International Women’s Day.

Globally International Women’s Day poses an important opportunity for action that will trigger change for women. Originally it stems from 15,000 women came on the streets in New York City back in 1908 to demonstrate protests against long working hours and less pay and request for voting rights. Soon after that, other countries endorsed a concept of dedicating a day to celebrate achievement of women. International Women’s Day was then acknowledged and celebrated for the first time by the United Nations in 1975.

This year’s theme is “Women in the Changing World of Work: Planet 50-50 by 2030”, emphasising the need to #BeBoldForChange. It flags the call for people to put efforts to make a more gender inclusive world, in line with the UN’s SDG 5 to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

What does it mean for us in Indonesia though?

First, we need to bear in mind that International Women’s Day is not targeted for women only, but men are so much welcome to celebrate this day too. To this extent, we must embrace the active participation of men to also support the idea of women’s empowerment. We need to challenge the dominant narrative in Indonesia where men are generally perceived to hold the power and empowered women are considered a threat to this system.

Empowerment refers to a process to enable individuals to maximise the opportunities available to them without constraints (Rowlands, 1997). When a woman is empowered, she could leverage her resources and capabilities to the point where she makes strategic life choices as equally as man does. An empowered woman does not disrespect men, instead she would respect men as much as she respects other women because she believes in gender equity and social justice. In this context, men have no reasons to feel threatened at all, instead women and men will complement each other in fulfilling their own tasks, roles and responsibilities. Thus, we must first #BeBoldForChange by pushing against the dominant narrative that International Women’s Day is just another female matter.

Secondly, to #BeBoldForChange means to grow a stronger sense of self-love regardless a woman’s relationship status (single, taken, married, or divorced) and stop shaming one’s self for being different from others. In Indonesia, marriage is commonly deemed as a must-do thing for women, basically after they finish their education obligations. However, in impoverished rural areas of Indonesia, unfortunately girls are more vulnerable to child marriage where many married girls do not even complete education beyond primary school level. Indonesian people are conditioned that a woman is acceptably secure when she finds her partner in life through marriage and unconsciously shaming those who are different from the mainstreamed pathways. We must then look within ourselves, to take a step back from the busy crazy world around us and reflect on our own judgements that a woman’s self-worth is not defined by her relationship status.

When we are bold for change, we are brave to do what we believe even if it means challenging conventional wisdom, but not to forget reflective introspection to be critical of our own assumptions and judgements too.

 

Now, how will you define to #BeBoldForChange?

 

By: Deviana Wijaya Dewi

Deviana Wijaya Dewi works in Center for Indonesia’s Strategic Development Initiatives. The opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own.

This article is initially published at cisdi.org, republished with author’s permission.

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